Profiles of the 17 People Interviewed in the Film

A very special group of scientists, philosophers, scholars, colleagues and friends were interviewed for this documentary. Their memories, collaboration, engagement and shared life experiences are the threads that weave together this fascinating feature documentary behind David Bohm’s life and ideas and his search for meaning and wholeness.

Yakir Aharonov

Theoretical Physicist, School of Physics Tel Aviv University, Israel

Biography

Yakir Aharonov, Ph.D., is a professor of theoretical physics at Chapman University, where he holds the James J. Farley Professorship in Natural Philosophy. Considered one of the most highly regarded scientists in the world, Dr Aharonov received the prestigious Wolf Prize in 1998 for his co-discovery of the Aharonov-Bohm Effect, one of the cornerstones of modern physics.
Born on August 28, 1932, Dr. Aharonov received his undergraduate education at the Technion, Isreal graduating with a BSc in 1956. He continued his graduate studies at the Technion and then moved to Bristol University in England, together with his doctoral advisor David Bohm. He received his PhD there in 1960.

Prior to coming to Chapman University in 2008, Dr Aharonov served on the faculties of Brandeis University, Yeshiva University, Tel Aviv University, the University of South Carolina and George Mason University. He holds the title of emeritus professor from Tel Aviv University. Although Chapman University—where he conducts research, teaches and lectures to undergraduate and graduate students in the Schmid College of Science and Technology—is his sole full-time affiliation, he also serves as distinguished professor with the Perimeter Institute in Ontario, Canada, a research think-tank where he meets and works with an international roster of renowned fellow members such as Stephen Hawking , Leonard Susskind and Juan Ignacio Cirac, among many others.

Dr Aharonov's current research with Chapman University team members Menas Kafatos, PhD, Jeff Tollaksen, PhD and participants from other universities includes a grant awarded from the Science and Transcendence Advanced Research Series (STAR) for a project titled ‘Subjective Experience as a Window on Foundational Physics.’ The aim of the project is to investigate the areas of tension between objective scientific description and human conscious experience.

H.H. the Dalai Lama

Biography

His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, describes himself as a simple Buddhist monk. He is the spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 July 1935, to a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet. At the age of two, the child, then named Lhamo Dhondup, was recognized as the reincarnation of the previous 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso.
The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and the patron saint of Tibet. Bodhisattvas are realized beings inspired by a wish to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings, who have vowed to be reborn in the world to help humanity.

Education in Tibet
His Holiness began his monastic education at the age of six. The curriculum, derived from the Nalanda tradition, consisted of five major and five minor subjects. The major subjects included logic, fine arts, Sanskrit grammar, and medicine, but the greatest emphasis was given to Buddhist philosophy which was further divided into a further five categories: Prajnaparamita, the perfection of wisdom; Madhyamika, the philosophy of the middle Way; Vinaya, the canon of monastic discipline; Abidharma, metaphysics; and Pramana, logic and epistemology. The five minor subjects included poetry, drama, astrology, composition and synonyms.
At 23, His Holiness sat for his final examination in Lhasa’s Jokhang Temple, during the annual Great Prayer Festival (Monlam Chenmo) in 1959. He passed with honors and was awarded the Geshe Lharampa degree, equivalent to the highest doctorate in Buddhist philosophy.

Leadership Responsibilities
In 1950, after China's invasion of Tibet, His Holiness was called upon to assume full political power. In 1954, he went to Beijing and met with Mao Zedong and other Chinese leaders, including Deng Xiaoping and Chou Enlai. Finally, in 1959, following the brutal suppression of the Tibetan national uprising in Lhasa by Chinese troops, His Holiness was forced to escape into exile. Since then he has been living in Dharamsala, northern India.

Universal Recognition
His Holiness the Dalai Lama is a man of peace. In 1989 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet. He has consistently advocated policies of non-violence, even in the face of extreme aggression. He also became the first Nobel Laureate to be recognized for his concern for global environmental problems.
His Holiness has travelled to more than 67 countries spanning 6 continents. He has received over 150 awards, honorary doctorates, prizes, etc., in recognition of his message of peace, non-violence, inter-religious understanding, universal responsibility and compassion. He has also authored or co-authored more than 110 books.
His Holiness has held discussions with heads of different religions and participated in many events promoting inter-religious harmony and understanding.
Since the mid-1980s, His Holiness has engaged in a dialogue with modern scientists, mainly in the fields of psychology, neurobiology, quantum physics and cosmology. This has led to a historic collaboration between Buddhist monks and world-renowned scientists in trying to help individuals achieve peace of mind. It has also resulted in the addition of modern science to the traditional curriculum of Tibetan monastic institutions re-established in exile.

Chris Dewdney

Reader in Theoretical Physics , University of Portsmouth, UK

Biography

Chris Dewdney obtained a joint degree in Physics and Philosophy from the University of Warwick in 1973. He then continued his interest in the philosophy of physics, at the postgraduate level, studying History and Philosophy of Science at The University of Cambridge; there his dissertation was written on Niels Bohr’s Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.

Chris then obtained funding from the British Science Research Council to work towards a PhD in David Bohm’s group in the Physics Department at Birkbeck College in London. There, Chris started to read Bohm’s papers on the notion of order in physics, attended Bohm’s undergraduate lectures on quantum theory and the frequent postgraduate seminars. Initially, Chris was the only full-time PhD student at that time working in Bohm’s group. At Birkbeck students had to find their own PhD topic, the main thrust of the research was around formulating a mathematical description of Bohm’s notion of the holomovement and the processes of “becoming”. Bohm’s 1952 hidden-variable theory was not discussed at the time and it was pure serendipity (browsing in the bookshop) that lead Chris to formulate his own PhD study demonstrating in detail how Bohm’s 1952 theory accounted for all of the “paradoxical” features of quantum theory, starting with the double-slit experiment. Whilst at Birkbeck Chris also produced the first computer-generated motion picture animations of quantum tunneling.

On completion of his PhD in 1983, Chris was awarded a Royal Society Fellowship which he held in Jean-Pierre Vigier’s group at the Institute Henri Poincare in Paris. During the fellowship, Chris extended the detailed de Broglie-Bohm theory calculations to include neutron interferometry and the processes of spin measurement and spin superposition.

In 1986, Chris took up a permanent teaching and research position at The University of Portsmouth in the UK, becoming a Reader in Theoretical Physics in 1992. At Portsmouth, he extended his work in de Broglie-Bohm theory to give a detailed, de Broglie-Bohm account of the nonlocal processes evident, for example, in the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen experiment. At Portsmouth, working with George Horton, and his own students, Chris also developed detailed de Broglie-Bohm accounts of quantum chaos, the motion of quantum fields and the quantized exchange of energy between matter and radiation.

Chris’s work in carrying out the detailed calculations of quantum mechanical processes helped transform the situation regarding interest in, and acceptance of, de Broglie-Bohm theory. Although at first, he was almost alone in pursuing de Broglie-Bohm theory calculations, today there is a small industry doing so for many different physical circumstances. Chris’s work helped put de Broglie-Bohm theory center stage in the foundations of quantum theory context. When he started out, Bohm’s approach was hardly considered, and none had carried out detailed calculations within the interpretation of quantum theory community; today it is considered a viable theory, and this is in some part due to Chris’ work.

Maureen Doolan

Long-time friend of Saral and David Bohm

Biography

In 2000, Maureen Doolan co-founded the Pari Center with her husband the late F. David Peat.

In Canada she worked extensively with illiterate adults in the volunteer sector (matching learners with trained volunteer tutors) in a program she co-created, called People, Words and Change. In 1993, after 13 years of contributions to PWC she received the Governor General of Canada’s Award for Volunteerism. She has served on the boards of a number of non-profit organizations.
In Ottawa she worked as a writer-researcher for CGEAVC (Canadian Government Exposition and Audio-Visual Centre) and the National Museums of Canada providing research and written text for national exhibitions, international expositions and trade fairs, and museum exhibits.

In 2008, in partnership with her daughter Eleanor Peat, she began Pari Publishing, a publishing house specializing in science, religion, and psychology. She is currently Commissioning Editor at Pari Publishing.

Olival Freire

Physicist, University of Salvatore, Brazil

Biography

Olival Freire Jr. is Professor of Physics and History of Physics at the Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil.

In Brazil, he was trained in Physics (UFBA), he earned a PhD in History (USP) in 1995 and is fellow at the CNPq in History of Science.

He founded the Graduate Program in Science Teaching, History and Philosophy of Science at UFBA, in Brazil. He served as President of the Sociedade Brasileira de História da Ciência, the Commission on the History of Physics at DHST and as a member of the council of History of Science Society.

He was a researcher at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science, MIT, Harvard, Université de Paris VII, University of Maryland, and Center for History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics.

He has published a number of articles in peer-reviewed journals as well as books and book chapters. He wrote The Quantum Dissidents—Rebuilding the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics 1950-1990, Springer, 2015, and David Bohm—A Life Dedicated to Understanding the Quantum World, Springer, 2019.

Antony Gormley

Artist

Biography

Born in London in 1950, Antony Gormley has had a number of solo shows at venues including Delos, Greece (2019); Uffizi Gallery, Florence (2019); Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (2019); Long Museum, Shanghai (2017); Forte di Belvedere, Florence (2015); Zentrum Paul Klee, Bern (2014); Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (2012); Deichtorhallen Hamburg; State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (2011); Kunsthaus Bregenz (2010); Hayward Gallery, London (2007); Kunsthalle zu Kiel; Malmö Konsthall (1993); and Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Copenhagen (1989). A major solo exhibition of his work will be presented at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, in September 2019.

Permanent public works include the Angel of the North (Gateshead, England), Another Place (Crosby Beach, England), Exposure (Lelystad, The Netherlands) Chord (MIT – Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA). He has also participated in major group shows such as the Venice Biennale and Documenta 8, Kassel, Germany.

Gormley won the Turner Prize in 1994 and has been a member of the Royal Academy since 2003. He was made an Officer of the British Empire in 1997 and knighted in 2014.

Basil Hiley

Quantum Physicist and Professor, University of London, UK

Biography

Basil J. Hiley is a British quantum physicist and professor emeritus of the University of London. He received the Majorana Prize ‘Best person in physics’ in 2012. A long-time co-worker of David Bohm, Hiley is known for his work with Bohm on the implicate order and for his work on algebraic descriptions of quantum physics in terms of underlying symplectic and orthogonal Clifford algebras. Hiley co-authored the book The Undivided Universe with David Bohm, which is considered the main reference for Bohm's interpretation of the quantum theory.

The work of Bohm and Hiley has been characterized as primarily addressing the question ‘whether we can have an adequate conception of the reality of a quantum system, be this causal or be it stochastic or be it of any other nature’ and meeting the scientific challenge of providing a mathematical description of quantum systems that matches the idea of an implicate order.

In 1961 Hiley was appointed assistant lecturer at Birkbeck College, where Bohm had taken the chair of Theoretical Physics shortly before. Hiley wanted to investigate how physics could be based on a notion of process, and he found that David Bohm held similar ideas. He reports that during the seminars he held together with Roger Penrose he was particularly fascinated by John Wheeler's ‘sum over three geometries’ ideas that he was using to quantize gravity.

Hiley worked with David Bohm for many years on fundamental problems of theoretical physics. Initially, Bohm's model of 1952 did not feature in their discussions; this changed when Hiley asked himself whether the ‘Einstein-Schrödinger equation,’ as Wheeler called it, might be found by studying the full implications of that model. They worked together closely for three decades. Together they wrote many publications, including the book The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory, published 1993, which is now considered the major reference for Bohm's interpretation of the quantum theory.

In 1995, Basil Hiley was appointed to the chair in physics at Birkbeck College at the University of London. He was awarded the 2012 Majorana Prize in the category The Best Person in Physics for the algebraic approach to quantum mechanics and furthermore in recognition of ‘his paramount importance as a natural philosopher, his critical and open-minded attitude towards the role of science in contemporary culture.

Dr. Leroy Little Bear

Blackfoot Native - Professor Emeritus University of Lethbridge, Canada.

Biography

Leroy Little Bear was born and raised on the Blood Indian Reserve (Kainai First Nation), approximately 70 km west of Lethbridge, Alberta. One of the first Native students to complete a program of study at the University of Lethbridge, Little Bear graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in 1971. He continued his education at the College of Law, University of Utah, in Salt Lake City, completing a Juris Doctor Degree in 1975.

Following his graduation, Little Bear returned to his alma mater as a founding member of Canada's first Native American Studies Department. He remained at the University of Lethbridge as a researcher, faculty member and department chair until his official retirement in 1997.

In recent years Little Bear has continued his influential work as an advocate for First Nations education. From January 1998 to June 1999 he served as Director of the Harvard University Native American Program. Upon his return to Canada, he was instrumental in the creation of a Bachelor of Management in First Nations Governance at the University of Lethbridge- the only program of its kind in the country.

In the spring of 2003, Little Bear was awarded the prestigious National Aboriginal Achievement Award for Education, the highest honour bestowed by Canada's First Nations community. Little Bear is the recipient of honorary doctorates from the University of Lethbridge and the University of Northern British Columbia. Along with his wife, Amethyst First Rider, Little Bear brought about the historic Buffalo Treaty between First Nations on both sides of the USA-Canada border in 2014. Little Bear was inducted into the Alberta Order Excellence and the Order of Canada in 2016 and 2019 respectively.

After a lifetime of educational service, Little Bear remains a dedicated and dynamic teacher and mentor to students and faculty at the University of Lethbridge. He continues to pursue new research interests including North American Indian science and Western physics, and the exploration of Blackfoot knowledge through songs, stories and landscape.

While his educational achievements are remarkable, Little Bear's contribution to the First Nations community extends well beyond the classroom. He has served as a consultant to local and national organizations including the Blood Tribe, Indian Association of Alberta and the Assembly of First Nations of Canada. His notable reputation has also earned him a place on numerous government commissions and boards including the Task Force on the Criminal Justice and Its Impact on the Indian and Metis Peoples of Alberta (1990-91). Little Bear's legal advice is widely sought on such significant issues as land claims, treaties, and hunting and fishing rights.

Mr. Little Bear is the co-author of several books on self-government and Aboriginal rights, including "Pathways to Self Determination", "Quest For Justice", and "Governments in Conflict". His credits also include a variety of influential articles such as, "A concept of Native Title", which was cited in a Canadian Supreme Court decision.

Lola Major, local teacher and U of L alumna, says Leroy's unparalleled drive to see others succeed, and his ability to connect people of all cultures, make him an outstanding candidate for Alumnus of the Year.

"Leroy's reputation as a scholar, author, consultant and University of Lethbridge builder is without equal in his quest for excellence, understanding and equality for Aboriginal peoples. Modest, caring and valued, Leroy Little Bear is a truly remarkable person, well-deserving of this award."

The University of Lethbridge Alumni Association is proud to recognize the leadership and achievements of Leroy Little Bear by awarding him the Fall 2003 Alumnus of the Year award.

David Moody

Author and Educator

Biography

David Edmund Moody, PhD, is the author of An Uncommon Collaboration: David Bohm and J. Krishnamurti. He worked closely with Bohm and Krishnamurti in his capacity as director of the Oak Grove School, founded by Krishnamurti in Ojai, California, in 1975. Moody’s relationship with the two men is described in his previous book, The Unconditioned Mind: J. Krishnamurti and the Oak Grove School.

Moody is currently completing a biography of Krishnamurti that presents his philosophy in a new light. Krishnamurti in America: New Perspectives on the Man and His Message is scheduled for publication in October 2019.

Moody facilitated a series of seminars conducted by Bohm at Oak Grove School, in which Bohm described his views on consciousness and the human condition. He conducted several recorded dialogues with Bohm, three of which are included as appendixes in An Uncommon Collaboration.

He took his PhD in education at UCLA in 1991. His doctoral research investigated the logical structure of high school biology textbooks and their effects on student understanding of the theory of evolution. Moody is the author of numerous articles in popular and professional journals on topics related to biology and science education, including Gaia theory and the development of a curriculum based on the cultivation of insight.

Lee Nichol

Editor and Educator

Biography

Lee Nichol is the editor of David Bohm’s On Dialogue; On Creativity; and The Essential David Bohm. From 1980-1992 he collaborated with Bohm on various aspects of dialogue, consciousness, and education.

He has been on the faculty of the Arthur Morgan School in Celo, NC; of the Oak Grove School in Ojai, CA; of the Nyingma Institute in Berkeley, CA; and of Denver University in Denver, CO.

He lives in Albuquerque, New Mexico with his wife Eva Casey.

Dr. F. David Peat

Theoretical Physicist and Author

Biography

F. David Peat was awarded his PhD from Liverpool University in 1964. He began his career as an assistant professor at Queens University, Kingston, Canada, before moving to the National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa in 1967.

In 1971-72, he spent a sabbatical year with Roger Penrose and David Bohm, and thereafter his research focused on the foundations of quantum theory and on a non-unitary approach to the quantum measurement problem. Peat continued an active collaboration with Bohm and in 1987 they co-authored the book Science, Order and Creativity.

In 1976, Peat conducted a series of interviews with eminent scientists for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation on the evolution of physics in the 20th century. The scientists included Werner Heisenberg, Paul Dirac, John Wheeler, David Bohm, Ilya Prigogene, Roger Penrose, Leon Rosenfeld and Carl von Weizsäcker. The interviews were published as A Question of Physics: Conversations in Physics and Biology.

In 1979, Peat left the NRC to begin work as an independent writer and researcher. He wrote more than 20 books and his work has been translated into 24 languages.

In 1996, Peat moved to the medieval village of Pari in Tuscany where, in 2000, he co-created with his wife, Maureen Doolan, the Pari Center for New Learning.

In 1997, his biography of David Bohm, Infinite Potential: The Life and Times of David Bohm was published.

F. David Peat died in 2017.

Sir Roger Penrose

Mathematical Physicist, University of Oxford, UK

Biography

Sir Roger Penrose was awarded a BS. degree with First Class Honours in Mathematics from University College London and then decided to go to Cambridge to undertake research in pure mathematics. On entering St. John's College, he began research in algebraic geometry. Penrose was awarded his PhD for his work in algebra and geometry from the University of Cambridge in 1957 but by this time he had already become interested in physics.

In 1964 Penrose was appointed as a Reader at Birkbeck College, London and two years later he was promoted to Professor of Applied Mathematics there. In 1973 he was appointed Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford and he continued to hold this position until he became Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics in 1998. In that year he was appointed Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College, London.

His research interests include many aspects of geometry, having made contributions to the theory of non-periodic tilings, to general relativity theory and to the foundations of quantum theory.

While Penrose received his PhD at Cambridge in algebraic geometry, he began to work on the problem of whether a set of shapes could be found which would tile a surface but without generating a repeating pattern (known as quasi-symmetry). Armed with only a notebook and pencil, Penrose set about developing sets of tiles that produce 'quasi-periodic' patterns; at first glance the pattern seems to repeat regularly, but on closer examination you find it is not quite so. Eventually he found a solution to the problem, but it required many thousands of different shapes. After years of research and careful study, he successfully reduced the number to six and later down to an incredible two. It turned out this was a problem that couldn't be solved computationally.

In 1954 he and his father published article in British Journal of Psychology about basic impossible figures: impossible triangle and endless staircase. In the article impossible triangle (also known as tribar) was represented in its common view with perspective effect. These impossible figures were used in lithographs of Dutch artist M.C. Escher.

Penrose believes that the brain can execute processes that no possible Turing-type computer could carry out. He is famous for his books on consciousness such as The Emperor's New Mind (1989). He also considers physics incomplete because there is as yet no theory of quantum gravity. Penrose hopes that an adequate theory of quantum gravity might contribute to explain the nature and emergence of consciousness. In this sense, his main research program in physics is to develop the theory of twistors, which he originated over 30 years ago as an attempt to unite Einstein's general theory of relativity with quantum mechanics.

Sir Roger Penrose has received many honours for his contributions. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1972) and a Foreign Associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences (1998). The Science Book Prize (1990) which he received for The Emperor's New Mind is only one of many prizes. Others include the Adams Prize from Cambridge University; the Wolf Foundation Prize for Physics (jointly with Stephen Hawking for their understanding of the universe); the Dannie Heinemann Prize from the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Physics; the Royal Society Royal Medal; the Dirac Medal and Medal of the British Institute of Physics; the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society; the Naylor Prize of the London Mathematical Society; and the Albert Einstein Prize and Medal of the Albert Einstein Society. In 1994 he was knighted for services to science.

On 18th January 2006 Sir Roger Penrose, Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics, received the 2006 Communications Award of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM) in the US. Presented annually, the award recognizes outstanding achievement in communicating about mathematics to nonmathematicians.

Paavo Pylkkanen

Philosopher of Mind, Helsinki University, Finland

Biography

Paavo Pylkkänen, PhD, is Senior Lecturer in Theoretical Philosophy and Director of the Bachelor’s Program in Philosophy at the University of Helsinki. He is also Associate Professor of Theoretical Philosophy (currently on leave) at the Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, where he initiated a Consciousness Studies Program.

His main research areas are the philosophy of mind, philosophy of physics and their intersection. The central problem in the philosophy of mind is how to understand the place of mind—and especially conscious experience—in the physical world. Pylkkänen has explored whether this problem can be approached in a new way in the framework of the new holistic and dynamic worldview that is emerging from quantum theory and relativity. He has in particular been inspired by the physicists David Bohm and Basil Hiley’s interpretation of quantum theory and has collaborated with both of them.

In his 2007 book Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order (Springer) he proposed that Bohmian notions such as active information and implicate order provide new ways of approaching key problems in the philosophy of mind, such as mental causation and time consciousness. The overall aim of his research is to develop a scientific metaphysics. Paavo Pylkkänen has been a visiting researcher in Stanford University, Oxford University, London University, Charles University Prague and Gothenburg University and is a member of the Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of Social Sciences (TINT).

Shantena Augusto Sabbadini

Quantum Physicist and Philosopher

Biography

Shantena Augusto Sabbadini graduated from the University of Milan in 1968 and was awarded his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1976. In Milan he researched the foundations of quantum physics, laying the base for what is currently known as the decoherence interpretation of quantum physics. At the University of California, he contributed to the theoretical work behind the first identification of a black hole, the X-ray source Cygnus X-1. In the 1990s he was scientific consultant for the Eranos Foundation, an East-West research center founded under the auspices of C.G. Jung in the 1930s. In that context he produced various translations and commentaries of Chinese classics in Italian and English, including the Yijing and the trilogy of Daoist classics, the Laozi, the Zhuangzi and the Liezi. From 2002 onwards he collaborated with F. David Peat running the Pari Center for New Learning and in 2017 he succeeded his friend and colleague as director of the center.

Shantena leads workshops and courses on the philosophical implications of quantum physics, on Daoism, and on using the Yijing as a tool for introspection. His most recent book in English, Pilgrimages to Emptiness: Rethinking Reality through Quantum Physics, has been published by Pari Publishing in 2017.

Dr. David C. Schrum

Quantum Theorist

Biography

David Schrum received his PhD in quantum theory from Queen’s University, Canada (1971), after which he spent two years in post-doctoral studies with David Bohm at Birkbeck College, London. At Birkbeck, Schrum entered the world of Bohm’s creative and subtle philosophical approaches to physics, and of his inquiry into the structure of consciousness and what may lie beyond. He was also introduced to his professor’s interest in the philosopher J. Krishnamurti. David Schrum continues engagement in these areas.

From 1974 until retirement he taught at Cambrian College, Sudbury, Canada. Present areas of focus are relativistic quantum theory derived from a new application of the quantum principle, and exploration and development of David Bohm dialogue as a process of shared enquiry into mind.

He is a board member of the Pari Center, Italy.

Aephraim Steinberg

Experimental Quantum Theorist, University of Toronto, Canada

Biography

Aephraim Steinberg is a Professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Toronto. 
He is also a founding member and past director of the Centre for Quantum Information and Quantum Control (CQIQC), and is currently co-Director of the CIFAR programme in Quantum Information Science.

Dr Steinberg received his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1988 and spent a year as
a research assistant at the Ecole Normale Supérieure before carrying out his PhD research on superluminal tunneling at the University of California at Berkeley, earning his degree in 1994. He then held post-doctoral fellowships at the Université de Paris VI and the US National Institute of Standards and Technology before moving to Toronto in 1996. He has won numerous awards, ranging from the APS doctoral thesis prize in AMO Physics to a Steacie Fellowship. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK), the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, and the Royal Society of Canada.
Dr Steinberg’s interests focus on foundational issues in quantum mechanics, as well as their application to tasks ranging from information processing to precision measurement. His experimental program is two-pronged, using atoms cooled down to a billionth of a degree above absolute zero as well as entangled photon pairs, to study issues such as quantum measurement and the nature of the past in quantum mechanics, quantum information and computation, tunneling times, and the control and characterization of novel quantum states.

In 2012, his Science paper on using weak measurement to observe the ‘average trajectories’ of single photons in a two-slit interferometer was selected by Physics World as the ‘breakthrough of 2011.’

Dr. Jan Walleczek

Director of Phenoscience Laboratories

Biography

Jan Walleczek, Director of Phenoscience Laboratories, Berlin, Germany, and Director of the Fetzer Franklin Fund of the John E. Fetzer Memorial Trust, USA. Previously, he was Director of the Bioelectromagnetics Laboratory at Stanford University Medical School, USA. Jan Walleczek was a doctoral fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, and post-doctoral fellow at the Research Medicine and Radiation Biophysics Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley. His scientific publications cover the fields of biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics. His recent work concerns the foundations of quantum mechanics and applications to living systems of concepts such as quantum coherence, emergent dynamics, and the flow of information, a long-standing interest that he summarized as an edited volume for Cambridge University Press titled “Self-organized Biological Dynamics and Nonlinear Control”. In 2019, he co-edited the book titled “Emergent Quantum Mechanics – David Bohm Centennial Perspectives” for MDPI Press. In addition to metascience and advanced methodology, his professional interests include the philosophy and foundations of science.